Freidrich Engels (1820-1895)

Freidrich Engels (1820-1895), German sociologist, economist; co-author of The Communist Manifesto (1848) and co-founder of marxist theory with Karl Marx.

Son of a cotton manufacturer, Freidrich Engels spent most of his adult life as an agent for the family firm in Manchester, England and used the profits to subsidise the activities of Karl Marx, with whom he collaborated from 1844.

Engels was a prolific author and a social scientist: The Condition of the Working Class in England (1844) (1845), an analysis of the social impact of industrialisation, is now regarded as a pioneering study in urban geography and sociology, while The Origin of the Family, Private Property and the State (1884) put sexual and production relationships into a historical perspective.

A formidable intellect and generous personality, Engels as much as Marx was the father of ‘scientific socialism’.

Friedrich Engels in Where Angels Fear to Dream

In PAST XVII – Death of Marx – The Legacy Begins, Freidrich Engels mourns the loss of Karl Marx as a friend, comrade and inspiration, predicting that his legacy and teachings will remain for generations:

His lifelong friend and comrade,
Friedrich Engels, said:
“The working class has lost a friend
And is shorter by a head.

Many millions will mourn his death
Now he’s six feet under
But his ideas will never die,
They’ll tear the world asunder.”

After Karl Marx’s death in 1883, Freidrich Engels devoted much of the remainder of his life to editing and translating Marx’s works.